Collateral has been used by bankers and other financial institutions to provide security against defaulting borrowers. This is so as to cover any loss that is incurred as a result of a borrower who was lend money but defaulted paying back and hence the banker or lender losing the money. It can be a legitimate and valuable property that a borrower pledges to the bank upon receiving a loan amount. Collateral management is the practice of granting, verification and providing of advice on matters of collateral transactions with the aim of reducing credit risk in unsecured lending transactions. There are several collateral management systems that are used to manage the process. Now that there is several collateral management software available for purchase from several companies, it is easier for banks and other financial institutions to manage their unsecured transactions. Collateral management systems help the customer seeking the load in several ways and also help the financier as well.
The customer who is seeking the credit facility is able to be awarded a good value of loan amount at reasonable rates with the use of such financial services technology. The technology also helps the financier to avoid incurring losses for lending the money to the borrower. The technology was developed by stake holder in the banking industry so as to help all parties involved in the entire naming transactions, the banks and the customers. Financial services technology has been improving the way banks and customers relate and how their products are delivered to customers. This has also been attributed to the increase of technology to make business processes simpler and safer for the parties involved.
The collateral management system process involves quite a number people and teams. There is the collateral team that makes the actual calculations of collateral on spreadsheets and by use of collateral management software. This team also manages the customers security data and shares this information with the middle level office managers and other parties in the collateral management chain.
There is the credit analysis team that is tasked with responsibility of researching, analyzing and setting of collateral requirements all new and existing customers. The job for the team involves periodic reviews and constant reviewing of the customer securities data. Another team in the process of collateral management systems process is the front office sales and trading team. This is the team that signs new collateral documents for new customers; they manage new accounts for counter-parties as well. The middle office interacts with the other team members daily on matters to do with evaluating risks and valuation. Finally the legal department is concerned with drafting and making of new agreements, enforcing legal measure on the agreements such as lawsuits and collections.
Collateral management software programs are sold by developers who create them to willing companies for use. These technologies are worth every bit of investment because the financial services technology used for collateral management is good for avoiding losses. One of the advantages of collateral management is that it is now easier to trade in a market where there are higher margins or predictable profits; there is access to higher risk trades, reduced credit risk scenarios and many others.
Most of the financial institutions available nowadays have incorporated these technologies in their systems and the technology has improved the lending and trading business.